Many of China's claims are based on unsubstantiated and uncorroborated “historical precedents” dating back centuries. China only
has land borders with 14 countries, but it claims territory from at least 21 nations.
These include Indonesia, Malaysia and
Brunei, maritime territory which is 1000 kilometres from the closest Chinese soil (well outside the internationally recognised 200 kilometres EEZ).
The following is a list of China’s current claims against other countries, all of which it has made painfully clear it is willing to go to war over:
Afghan province of Bahdashan (despite treaty of 1963,
China still encroaches on Afghan territory).
Bhutanese enclaves in Tibet, namely Cherkip Gompa, Dho, Dungmar, Gesur, Gezon, Itse Gompa, Khochar, Nyanri, Ringung, Sanmar, Tarchen and Zuthulphuk.
Also Kula Kangri and mountainous areas to the west of this peak, plus the western Haa District of Bhutan
South China Sea especially Spratly Islands
China claims large areas of Burma on historical
precedent (Yuan Dynasty, 1271-1368). There are unspecified border disputes with Burma.
China has, on occasion, claimed parts of Cambodia on historical precedent (Ming Dynasty, 1368-1644)
Aksai Chin (part of Jammu and Kashmir), Demchok, Chumar, Kaurik, Shipki
Pass, Jadh, and Lapthal Shaksgam Valley, South Tibet (part of India-controlled Arunachal Pradesh), Trans-Karakoram Tract
Parts of the South China Sea.
Parts of the East China Sea, particularly the Senkaku
Islands. Also, on occasion, the Ryukyu Islands, on the grounds that the completely independent Kingdom of Ryukyu was once a vassal state of China. The Kingdom of Ryukyu terminated tributary relations with China in 1874.
There are continual
unilateral claims by China on Kazakhstan territory, despite new agreements, in China’s favour, signed every few years.
China claims the majority of Kyrgyzstan on the grounds that it was unfairly forced to cede the territory
(which it had formerly conquered) to Russia in the 19th century.
China claims large areas of Laos on historical precedent (Yuan Dynasty, 1271-1368)
Parts of the South China Sea, particularly the Spratly Islands
China claims all of Mongolia on historical precedent (Yuan Dynasty, 1271-1368). In fact, Mongolia, under Genghis Khan, occupied China.
China claims parts of Nepal dating back to the Sino-Nepalese War in 1788-1792. China claims
they are part of Tibet, therefore part of China.
Baekdu Mountain and Jiandao. China has also on occasion claimed all of North Korea on historical grounds (Yuan Dynasty, 1271-1368).
Territory is still unilaterally claimed by China, despite
China signing numerous agreements.
Parts of the South China Sea, particularly Scarborough Shoal and the Spratly Islands
160,000 square kilometres still unilaterally claimed by China, despite China signing numerous
Parts of the South China Sea.
Parts of the East China Sea. China has also on occasion claimed all of South Korea on historical grounds (Yuan Dynasty, 1271-1368).
China claims all of Taiwan, but particular
disputes are: Macclesfield Bank, Paracel Islands, Scarborough Shoal, Senkaku Islands, parts of the South China Sea and the Spratly Islands.
China claims parts of Tajikistan on historical precedent (Qing
China claims large parts of Vietnam on historical precedent (Ming Dynasty, 1368-1644). Also: Macclesfield Bank, Paracel Islands, parts of the South China Sea and the Spratly Islands.
Additionally, China recently taunted Hillary Clinton about claiming territorial rights on Hawaii, and claimed that Chinese sailors had settled peacefully
in Australia centuries before European discovery. And let’s not forget the supposed 1418 map that “proves” China discovered the America (and the entire world) long before Columbus.